29 Sep 2014
NATO has been augmenting Turkey’s defence capabilities since January 2013.
In response to Turkey’s request, NATO Foreign Ministers decided on 4 December 2012 that NATO would augment Turkey’s air defence capabilities in order to defend the population and territory of Turkey against threats posed by missiles from across its border with Syria.
Allies have committed five PATRIOT batteries to augment Turkey’s air defences. Germany and the United States have provided two batteries each since January 2013. Spain has provided one since January 2015. There are approximately 750 NATO troops supporting the Patriot deployment. The Netherlands provided two batteries from January 2013 until January2015.
All PATRIOT batteries are under NATO command and plugged into NATO’s air defence network. Command and control procedures have been agreed by all 28 Allies. NATO‘s Supreme Allied Commander, General Philip Breedlove, has operational command responsibility for the Patriot deployment. He has delegated responsibility to Allied Air Command, Ramstein, which is in charge of NATO’s air defence, and to NATO military commanders on the ground.
The first battery became operational under NATO command on 26 January, 2013.
Patriot is a sophisticated ground-to-air guided missile defence system. For detailed information on how it works, check out the PATRIOT Fact Sheet